Camelus bactrianus is one of wild camels; it has other different names like domestic Bactrian camel, and the Bactrian camel. It is one of the Camelidae families, and Carl Linnaeus was the first scientist who gives those camels its Camelus bactrianus name at 1758.
Camelus bactrianus considers the biggest camel on the earth, and one of most great mammals exists. Its body dimensions start with from 225–350 cm long for the body and head, 35–55 cm long for the tail, 180 to 230 cm high for the tail; 213 cm is the tall from the most high point of its protuberance.
The mass of its body in average is about 300 to 1,000 kg, the females is smaller than males.
The Bactrian camel had a coat of thick hair about 25 cm, and its colors may be gray seems to be dirty, and dark brown, the thickness of the coat increase at the head, hump, neck, and tail. This coat is the tool with which it faces climate changes, as its thickness changes according to temperature.
Beside the coat’s great ability in facing temperature changes, domestic Bactrian camel has sweat glands manages it bearing inside temperature increased 6 times than outside before sweating, and that to prevent losing water from the body.
The eyes of the Bactrian camel are strong allowing him good sight vision for long distances, and they have two layers long lashes protect him from severe wind, dust, and sand.
The ears of the domestic Bactrian camel also surrounded with hair to prevent wind, and its upside lips is cut.
The nose of Camelus bactrianus has also another unique ability as it can be closed, and be like an armor in front of sand, wind, and dust. Also you can notice little line between nose nostril, and the top lip to lead any extra moisture, or water to the mouth.
The legs of that camel are so tough, and the toes have wide soles to make moving easy through sand.
Unlike other camels’ species that kind of camels have two humps, which are one of the most important characteristics, you may be one of those who think wrongly that these humps are just for storing water!! No, it stores fats on these humps in order to turn it into energy, and water at need.
These types of camels live in unsteady tough temperature vary from summer to winter from −40 °C to 40 °C which can be tough climate for them, if they hadn’t the ability to fit with.
They immigrate most of time in large groups to big areas from wide flat areas to mountains, and the main aim they are looking for is water, you can find that camels’ species mainly in south Monoglia, and north China.
domestic Bactrian camel has the ability to drink more than 57 liters of water in one time; also it can drink salt water if it had to. It can stay without drinking water, or eating by months, and its humps deal with that in an impressive way, when there is plenty of food, or water, the humps expand, and on the opposite case they wane.
These camels can run fast with speed more than 65 kilometers for hour, also they can keep walking for more than 75 km every day, and this may seem strange for their big size, but their body designed to adapt every move in an impressive way, also they can swim good.
The Bactrian camel consider one of day walker animals, as they relax, and sleep at night, and spend the day travelling or looking for food, they depend mainly on plants for their food, they can eat even tough grasses, dry leaves, and when there is shortage in food they can eat even thorns, fish, Corpses, or skin, they can feed on anything they can find like ropes, tents, or fabrics. Also they can eat snow in order to turn it in to water later.
This great ability in adapting different food types because they have four stomachs, one with three rooms, that allows them store more food when it available, to use it later. At first they swallow food, and then they retrieve it to chew it more.
With all these surviving abilities, and what Camelus bactrianus face on the wild, the main enemy for them is humans, as they killed for their meat, and skin!! Which is so sad, they do their best to live, and we destroy those special animals!! So there must be tough rules to protect them, and prevent poaching.