The Scimitar-horned Oryx may be the first inspirational animal in the world, it was the reason behind unicorn myths appearance in fairytales, it has other different names like the scimitar oryx, and Sahara oryx, and it is one of Bovidae family belongs to Oryx species members.
In 1816 it was named for first time as Oryx algazel by Lorenz Oken, then it was given the name Oryx ammah in 1826, then the name Oryx leucoryx was used which was similar to the Arabian oryx. Then in 1951 it was named as Oryx algazel, that names conflict continue until 1956 when it was admitted the name Oryx dammah as the scientific name till now, which comes from ὄρυξ that defines antelope in the old Greek language, and between people it is known as Scimitar-horned Oryx .
The average weight of Scimitar oryx males is between 140–210 kg as heavy as a pig, while females are between 91–140 kg at the same weight of panda. Starting from head to the tail the body is about 140–240 cm tall, the shoulder is more than 1m high, and the tail is between 45–60 cm, also it ends with a bunch.
Oryx dammah has an attractive white coat all over his body except on the brow, and Chest colored with little mix of brown, and red, also there are black points at the top of its tongue to prevent sun rays reactions.
That white coat work on reversing any heat, or harm rayes from the sun.
The baby born Scimitar Oryx start their life with yellow coat, then it turns in to white one while they are growing at the twelve, and thirteen months.
These animals as special horns which are thinner in females tan males, the horn takes a symmetric shape, and it is tall, thin and curved to the back, it is about 1.0 to 1.2 m, the horn is also hollow which makes it is easy to be broken.
Also they have strong hooves help them while walking in sand, or tough areas. Also the females are different because of their four nipples. Their eyes have thick lashes, and eyelids to save them from sands, dust, and storms.
The average living age for Scimitar Oryx is about twenty years old.
The Scimitar-horned Oryx is one of most incredible animals that can afford high levels of heat, their inside body temperature can exceed 116 Fahrenheit, as they don’t drive water out a lot like other animals, they have wonderful ability to control their body temperature at any heat conditions.
Most of time they live in large groups more than 40 members.
The best living place for Scimitar-horned Oryx is desert, it can be found in North Africa like Morocco, Chad, Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and any countries near desert.
Scimitar-horned Oryx depend mainly on plants as their main food, they can eat grass, herbs, fruits, leaves, seedpods, and roots, they also have the ability to live with no water for a period of nine or ten months, as they have amazing kidneys that control water loss by stop Peeing, also while eating they chose food which contain water like melons, or any other plants that Compensate water shortage.
Pregnancy period is about nine years old; the born calf weight will be between 10–15 kg, the born baby stays with his mother for just fourteen weeks.
Again like most beautiful animals hunting is the main threat for Scimitar-horned Oryx, we are as a humans can be more danger than lions, jackals, or tigers, as we hunt these wonderful creatures like animals, and that should stop immediately, as they are endangered, and we had to stand, and find effective solutions for their protection..